tldr; In which I attempt to run ML pipelines in a Ubuntu 20.04 VM on Unraid. Passthrough to a VM running on Unraid does work, but not with really old GPUs!
After successfully setting up Unraid on an old workstation, I thought it would be interesting to passthrough a GPU into a Ubuntu VM and run some ML pipelines.
Unraid offers support for GPU passthrough to VMs (and Docker containers) but it is notoriously finicky, often due to idiosyncrasies with motherboards, BIOSes, and GPUs. In general, newer hardware is more likely to work, but AMD cards have known issues and older hardware is really hit or miss.
In my case, I am attempting this with a 10-year old Nvidia Quadro 4000 card. Yes, a decade old GPU…
Launching a headless VM on Unraid running 20.04 was quite straight-forward. Unraid offers a browser-based console-window on VM launch to allow text interaction with the installer. I also used TigerVNC viewer on Windows to connect afterward.
After experimenting with Ubuntu 20.04, I quickly discovered that the decade-old Nvidia Quadro 4000 in the Unraid host system meant that most recent CUDA version I could use was:
So the old GPU meant I must use an old driver, which forced an old CUDA version. This old version was only compatible with Ubuntu 16.04, a 5-year old OS at this point. Fine, I launched a new VM running 16.04…
With the Ubuntu VM setup, I connected to it using SSH, instead of VNC.
sudo apt install build-essential sudo ./NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.138.run sudo reboot ... sudo ./cuda_9.2.148_396.37_linux.run
But CUDA refused to install so I checked to see if the GPU was recognized:
sudo apt install -y ubuntu-drivers-common sudo ubuntu-drivers devices
In my case, this output details of an old Nvidia Quadro 4000 GPU:
== /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:02.4/0000:05:00.0 == modalias : pci:v000010DEd000006DDsv0000103Csd00000780bc03sc00i00 vendor : NVIDIA Corporation model : GF100GL [Quadro 4000] driver : nvidia-340 - distro non-free driver : nvidia-driver-390 - distro non-free recommended driver : xserver-xorg-video-nouveau - distro free builtin
After confirming, that this old GPU requires a legacy Nvidia driver, I went with the suggested install:
sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall
So instead, I downloaded the driver directly and SFTP’d it over to the Ubuntu VM, then installed it directly:
# First disable Nouveau sudo bash -c "echo blacklist nouveau > /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-nvidia-nouveau.conf" sudo bash -c "echo options nouveau modeset=0 >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-nvidia-nouveau.conf" sudo update-initramfs -u sudo reboot lsmod | grep nou # check nouveau is not running
curl -O http://us.download.nvidia.com/XFree86/Linux-x86_64/390.138/NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.138.run chmod u+x NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.138.run sudo ./NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.138.run
Unfortunately, this where the adventure ended as more searching revealed this old card simply will not work.
While it was interesting to attempt this config, it’s clear that a newer card will be required. However, at the start of 2021 Etherium miners are snapping up every 8GB+ GPU, driving prices to silly levels. So, I think patience is called for. No rush and lots of other experiments to run…